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mTOR inhibitors have been associated with wound complications and lymphoceles. We systematically reviewed randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to compare these outcomes for solid organ transplant recipients. Relevant medical databases were searched to identify RCTs in solid organ transplantation comparing mTOR inhibitors with an alternative therapy reporting on wound complications and/or lymphoceles. Methodological quality of RCTs was assessed. Pooled analyses were performed to calculate odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI). Thirty-seven RCTs in kidney, heart, simultaneous pancreas-kidney and liver transplantation were included. Pooled analyses showed a higher incidence of wound complications (OR 1.77, CI 1.31-2.37) and lymphoceles (OR 2.07, CI 1.62-2.65) for kidney transplant recipients on mTOR inhibitors together with calcineurin inhibitors (CNIs). There was also a higher incidence of wound complications (OR 3.00, CI 1.61-5.59) and lymphoceles (OR 2.13, CI 1.57-2.90) for kidney transplant recipients on mTOR inhibitors together with antimetabolites. Heart transplant patients receiving mTOR inhibitors together with CNIs also reported more wound complications (OR 1.82, CI 1.15-2.87). We found a higher incidence of wound complications and lymphoceles after kidney transplantation and a higher incidence of wound complications after heart transplantation for immunosuppressive regimens that included mTOR inhibitors from the time of transplantation.

Original publication

DOI

10.1111/j.1432-2277.2011.01357.x

Type

Journal article

Journal

Transpl Int

Publication Date

12/2011

Volume

24

Pages

1216 - 1230

Keywords

Adrenal Cortex Hormones, Calcineurin Inhibitors, Everolimus, Humans, Immunosuppressive Agents, Lymphocele, Organ Transplantation, Postoperative Complications, Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic, Sirolimus, TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases