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Activated protein C (APC) is a serine proteinase that regulates blood coagulation. In plasma it is inhibited mainly by the protein C inhibitor (PCI). The plasma concentrations of APC-PCI complex is increased in hypercoagulative states such as deep venous thrombosis. Formation of the APC-PCI complex induces a drastic conformational change in PCI that exposes new epitopes (neoepitopes) on the molecule. We have devised a simple immunofluorometric sandwich assay for measurements of the concentrations of APC-PCI complex, employing as the catcher, a monoclonal antibody that has a high affinity (K(D) = 4 x 10(-11) M) for a complexation-specific neoepitope that is expressed on PCI. A monoclonal antibody against protein C is employed as the tracer. The method gives a linear dose-response curve (0.06-50 microg/l), has a low detection limit (0.06 microg/l) and no crossreactivity with native PCI at physiologic plasma concentrations. We have now determined the concentration of the APC-PCI complex in healthy individuals.

Type

Journal article

Journal

Thromb Haemost

Publication Date

08/2001

Volume

86

Pages

604 - 610

Keywords

Calibration, Cross Reactions, Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay, Epitopes, Fluoroimmunoassay, Humans, Protein Binding, Protein C, Protein C Inhibitor, Protein Conformation, Reference Standards, Sensitivity and Specificity