Vessel rejection secondary to human leucocyte antigen antibodies directed against the arterial conduit following pancreas transplantation from a separate donor
Whole-organ pancreas transplantation is typically carried out using a Y-graft derived from the donor iliac vessels. We describe a case in which a 31-year-old male underwent a simultaneous pancreas-kidney transplant, but in which vessels from a different donor were used for the arterial anastomosis of the pancreas graft. Although initially there was good function, 18 months post-transplant the patient was admitted with diabetic ketoacidosis secondary to pancreas graft failure. Radiological investigations revealed complete occlusion of the vascular Y-graft, and laboratory investigations demonstrated donor-specific human leucocyte antigen (HLA) antibodies directed against HLA mismatches of the vessel donor. This case highlights the risks of using allogeneic vascular material for surgical anastomoses. © 2014 Steunstichting ESOT.