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Herein we provide a detailed molecular analysis of the spatial heterogeneity of clinically localized, multifocal prostate cancer to delineate new oncogenes or tumor suppressors. We initially determined the copy number aberration (CNA) profiles of 74 patients with index tumors of Gleason score 7. Of these, 5 patients were subjected to whole-genome sequencing using DNA quantities achievable in diagnostic biopsies, with detailed spatial sampling of 23 distinct tumor regions to assess intraprostatic heterogeneity in focal genomics. Multifocal tumors are highly heterogeneous for single-nucleotide variants (SNVs), CNAs and genomic rearrangements. We identified and validated a new recurrent amplification of MYCL, which is associated with TP53 deletion and unique profiles of DNA damage and transcriptional dysregulation. Moreover, we demonstrate divergent tumor evolution in multifocal cancer and, in some cases, tumors of independent clonal origin. These data represent the first systematic relation of intraprostatic genomic heterogeneity to predicted clinical outcome and inform the development of novel biomarkers that reflect individual prognosis.

Original publication

DOI

10.1038/ng.3315

Type

Journal article

Journal

Nat Genet

Publication Date

07/2015

Volume

47

Pages

736 - 745

Keywords

Cell Line, Tumor, DNA Copy Number Variations, Genetic Association Studies, Genetic Heterogeneity, Genome, Human, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Neoplasm Grading, Point Mutation, Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide, Prostatic Neoplasms, Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-myc