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© 2016, © British Association of Urological Surgeons 2016. Starting and conducting clinical trials in England can be a complicated and time-consuming process. Before your study can begin it is necessary to gain approval from the appropriate regulatory bodies. Prior to March 2016, studies required National Health Service (NHS) permission (also referred to as Research and Development (R&D) approval) obtained via the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) Coordinated System for gaining NHS Permission (CSP). Since March 2016, a new streamlined system has been introduced with the aim of making it easier to gain regulatory approvals. Now studies must go through the process of Health Research Authority (HRA) approval. In this article we review the process of gaining HRA approval in England. The article is aimed at junior researchers to help them understand the application process, and to give tips on how to succeed in gaining approval.

Original publication




Journal article


Journal of Clinical Urology

Publication Date





145 - 147