Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

Hereditary hemochromatosis (HH) is an iron-overload disease common in populations of Northern European origin. Patients display increased iron absorption leading to excessive iron deposition and potential multiorgan failure. Using polymerase chain reaction sequence-specific primer (PCR-SSP) technology, we have developed an HH diagnosis assay capable of detecting 19 non-synonymous HFE mutations (including a previously unreported mutation, V295A) and several TFR2, SLC11A3 and H ferritin alleles implicated in HH. As part of the validation process, 159 UK renal donors were genotyped to determine HH allele frequencies in the UK population. The alleles nominally identified as HFE*01 (C282Y), HFE*02 (H63D) and HFE*03 (S65C) were found at frequencies of 0.085, 0.173 and 0.009, respectively. All other potential HH-associated alleles were absent, confirming their low prevalence in this population. This assay enables comprehensive routine HH genotyping, producing rapid, accurate and reproducible results at low cost.


Journal article


Tissue Antigens

Publication Date





481 - 488


DNA Mutational Analysis, DNA Primers, Gene Frequency, Genotype, Hemochromatosis, Hemochromatosis Protein, Histocompatibility Antigens Class I, Humans, Membrane Proteins, Point Mutation