Characteristics of Globus Pallidus Internus Local Field Potentials in Hyperkinetic Disease.
Zhu G., Geng X., Tan Z., Chen Y., Zhang R., Wang X., Aziz T., Wang S., Zhang J.
Background: Dystonia and Huntington's disease (HD) are both hyperkinetic movement disorders but exhibit distinct clinical characteristics. Aberrant output from the globus pallidus internus (GPi) is involved in the pathophysiology of both HD and dystonia, and deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the GPi shows good clinical efficacy in both disorders. The electrode externalized period provides an opportunity to record local field potentials (LFPs) from the GPi to examine if activity patterns differ between hyperkinetic disorders and are associated with specific clinical characteristics. Methods: LFPs were recorded from 7 chorea-dominant HD and nine cervical dystonia patients. Differences in oscillatory activities were compared by power spectrum and Lempel-Ziv complexity (LZC). The discrepancy band power ratio was used to control for the influence of absolute power differences between groups. We further identified discrepant frequency bands and frequency band ratios for each subject and examined the correlations with clinical scores. Results: Dystonia patients exhibited greater low frequency power (6-14 Hz) while HD patients demonstrated greater high-beta and low-gamma power (26-43 Hz) (p < 0.0298, corrected). United Huntington Disease Rating Scale chorea sub-score was positively correlated with 26-43 Hz frequency band power and negatively correlated with the 6-14 Hz/26-43 Hz band power ratio. Conclusion: Dystonia and HD are characterized by distinct oscillatory activity patterns, which may relate to distinct clinical characteristics. Specifically, chorea may be related to elevated high-beta and low-gamma band power, while dystonia may be related to elevated low frequency band power. These LFPs may be useful biomarkers for adaptive DBS to treat hyperkinetic diseases.