Isolation of Human Regulatory T Lymphocytes by Fluorescence-Activated Cell Sorting.
Milward K., Hester J., Wood KJ.
Regulatory T cells (Tregs) are a population of lymphocytes that exerts suppressive effects upon the immune system. In human peripheral blood, the major population of T lymphocytes with suppressive capacity are defined by expression of the T cell co-receptor CD4 and the interleukin-2 receptor α-chain (CD25), combined with minimal expression of the interleukin-7 receptor α subunit (CD127). We begin by outlining the method for isolating peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from human blood by centrifugation of whole blood overlayed on a hydrophilic polysaccharide, with an additional erythrocyte lysis step. The protocol that follows utilizes Fluorescence-Activated Cell Sorting (FACS) for the isolation of this CD4+CD25+CD127lo population of regulatory T cells, with high yield and purity, from immunostained PBMCs. Prior to FACS isolation, this protocol exploits magnetic immunoselection for pre-enrichment of CD25+ PBMC, which reduces the duration of the subsequent FACS isolation.