Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

Teamwork training and system standardisation have both been proposed to reduce error and harm in surgery. Since the approaches differ markedly, there is potential for synergy between them.

More information


Internet publication


BMJ Quality and Safety

Publication Date





Peter G McCulloch, Nuffield Department of Surgical Sciences, Level 6, John Radcliffe Hospital, Headington, Oxford, OX3 9DU, USA;