Evidence for a 5-HT3 receptor involvement in the facilitation of peristalsis on mucosal application of 5-HT in the guinea pig isolated ileum.
Tuladhar BR., Kaisar M., Naylor RJ.
1. The 5-HT receptor involved in the effect of mucosal application of 5-HT to facilitate peristalsis was investigated in the isolated guinea pig ileum. 2. An application of 5-HT (3-100 microM) to the mucosal surface (by inclusion of 5-HT in the Krebs-Henseleit solution passing through the lumen of the ileum) caused a concentration related facilitation of peristalsis characterized by a reduction in the peristaltic threshold. 3. Peristalsis was not modified by methiothepine (0.1 microM), ritanserin (0.1 microM), ondansetron (5 microM), granisetron (1 microM) or SB 204070 (0.1 microM) administered alone to the mucosal surface. 4. The concentration-response curve to mucosally applied 5-HT was not altered by the mucosally applied 5-HT1/2 receptor antagonist methiothepine (0.1 microM), the 5-HT2 receptor antagonist ritanserin (0.1 microM) or the 5-HT4 receptor antagonist SB 204070 (0.1 microM). However, the mucosally applied 5-HT3 receptor antagonists ondansetron (5 microM) and granisetron (1 microM) shifted the response curves to mucosally applied 5-HT to the right in a parallel and surmountable manner. The pD2 values in the absence and presence of ondansetron were 5.42 +/- 0.07 and 4.12 +/- 0.10, respectively, (n = 6) and that of granisetron were 5.45 +/- 0.12 and 4.50 +/- 0.10 respectively, (n = 5). 5. Serosally applied ondansetron (5 microM) or granisetron (1 microM) had no effect on the concentration-response curve to mucosally applied 5-HT. However, the serosally applied ondansetron and granisetron antagonised the facilitatory effect of serosally applied 5-HT (10 microM) when administered in the presence of serosally applied SB 204070 (0.1 microM). 6. It is concluded that the facilitatory effect of mucosally applied 5-HT to reduce the peristaltic threshold in the guinea pig ileum is mediated via a 5-HT3 receptor located on the mucosal and not the serosal side of the ileum.