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PURPOSE: Controversy exists as to whether current pretreatment prostate-specific antigen (PSA) dynamics enhance outcome prediction in patients undergoing treatment for prostate cancer. We assessed whether pretreatment PSA velocity (PSAV) or doubling time (PSADT) predicted outcome in men undergoing radical prostatectomy and whether any definition enhanced accuracy of an outcome prediction model. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The cohort included 2,938 patients with two or more PSA values before radical prostatectomy. Biochemical recurrence (BCR) occurred in 384 patients, and metastases occurred in 63 patients. Median follow-up for patients without BCR was 2.1 years. We used univariate Cox proportional hazards regression to evaluate associations between published definitions of PSADT and PSAV with BCR and metastasis. Predictive accuracy was assessed using the concordance index. RESULTS: On univariate analysis, two of 12 PSADT and four of 10 PSAV definitions were univariately associated with both BCR and metastasis (P < .05). One PSADT and one PSAV definition had a higher predictive accuracy for BCR over PSA alone, and four PSAV definitions improved prediction of metastasis. However, the improvements in predictive accuracy were small, associated with wide CIs, and markedly reduced if additional predictors of stage and grade were included alongside PSA. Modeling with random variables suggests that similar results would be expected by chance. CONCLUSION We found no clear evidence that any definition of PSA dynamics substantially enhances the predictive accuracy of a single pretreatment PSA alone.

Original publication

DOI

10.1200/JCO.2008.19.9794

Type

Journal article

Journal

J Clin Oncol

Publication Date

01/08/2009

Volume

27

Pages

3591 - 3597

Keywords

Analysis of Variance, Biomarkers, Tumor, Confidence Intervals, Disease-Free Survival, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Neoplasm Invasiveness, Neoplasm Recurrence, Local, Neoplasm Staging, Predictive Value of Tests, Preoperative Care, Probability, Prognosis, Proportional Hazards Models, Prostate-Specific Antigen, Prostatectomy, Prostatic Neoplasms, Registries, Retrospective Studies, Risk Assessment, Sensitivity and Specificity, Survival Analysis, Time Factors, Treatment Outcome