Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

BACKGROUND: MSMB, a gene coding for beta-microseminoprotein, has been identified as a candidate susceptibility gene for prostate cancer (PrCa) in two genome-wide association studies (GWAS). SNP rs10993994 is 2 bp upstream of the transcription initiation site of MSMB and was identified as an associated PrCa risk variant. The MSMB protein is underexpressed in PrCa and it was previously proposed to be an independent marker for the recurrence of cancer after radical prostatectomy. METHODS: In this study, the coding region of this gene and 1500 bp upstream of the 5'UTR has been sequenced in germline DNA in 192 PrCa patients with family history. To evaluate the possible effects of these variants we used in silico analysis. RESULTS: No deleterious mutations were identified, however, nine new sequence variants were found, most of these in the promoter and 5'UTR region. In silico analysis suggests that four of these SNPs are likely to have some effect on gene expression either by affecting ubiquitous or prostate-specific transcription factor (TF)-binding sites or modifying splicing efficiency. INTERPRETATION: We conclude that MSMB is unlikely to be a familial PrCa gene and propose that the high-risk alleles of the SNPs in the 5'UTR effect PrCa risk by modifying MSMB gene expression in response to hormones in a tissue-specific manner.

Original publication

DOI

10.1038/sj.bjc.6605485

Type

Journal article

Journal

Br J Cancer

Publication Date

19/01/2010

Volume

102

Pages

414 - 418

Keywords

Aged, DNA Mutational Analysis, Gene Expression, Genetic Predisposition to Disease, Germ-Line Mutation, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide, Prostatic Neoplasms, Prostatic Secretory Proteins