Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) play a critical role in cancer pathogenesis, including tumor growth and osteolysis within the bone marrow microenvironment. However, the anti-tumor effects of MMPs are poorly understood, yet have significant implications for the therapeutic potential of targeting MMPs. Host derived MMP-7 has previously been shown to support the growth of bone metastatic breast and prostate cancer. In contrast and underscoring the complexity of MMP biology, here we identified a tumor-suppressive role for host MMP-7 in the progression of multiple myeloma in vivo. An increase in tumor burden and osteolytic bone disease was observed in myeloma-bearing MMP-7 deficient mice, as compared to wild-type controls. We observed that systemic MMP-7 activity was reduced in tumor-bearing mice and, in patients with multiple myeloma this reduced activity was concomitant with increased levels of the endogenous MMP inhibitor, tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-1 (TIMP-1). Our studies have identified an unexpected tumour-suppressive role for host-derived MMP-7 in myeloma bone disease in vivo, and highlight the importance of elucidating the effect of individual MMPs in a disease-specific context.
Bone, Bone disease, MMP-7, Microenvironment, Mouse model, Multiple myeloma, Osteoclast, Animals, Bone Neoplasms, Cell Line, Tumor, Cell Survival, Disease Progression, Gene Knockout Techniques, Humans, Matrix Metalloproteinase 7, Mice, Multiple Myeloma, Neoplasm Transplantation, Tumor Microenvironment