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We assessed the impact of the H1N1 influenza pandemic on acute respiratory infection in young children from low-income families in Brazil. Influenza (specifically H1N1) detection in acute respiratory infection quintupled during the pandemic and, during its peak, it was associated with 30% of all acute respiratory infection visits to the emergency department. H1N1 was also associated with increased risk of hospitalization and coinfection.

Original publication

DOI

10.1097/INF.0b013e3182501ff4

Type

Journal article

Journal

Pediatr infect dis j

Publication Date

06/2012

Volume

31

Pages

653 - 655

Keywords

Brazil, Child, Preschool, Coinfection, Female, Hospitalization, Humans, Infant, Infant, Newborn, Influenza, Human, Male, Pandemics, Prospective Studies, Respiratory Tract Infections, Viruses