Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

OBJECT: Over a 16-year period, 570 patients presenting with acute aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage were successfully treated using endosaccular coil embolization within 30 days of hemorrhage by a single surgeon. Patients were followed to assess the stability of aneurysm occlusion and its longer-term efficacy in protecting against rebleeding. METHODS: Patients were followed for 6 to 191 months (mean 73.7 months, median 67 months) by clinical review, angiography performed at 6 and 24 months posttreatment, and questionnaires sent via the postal service every 5 years. Late rebleeding was defined as > 30 days after treatment. RESULTS: Stable angiographic occlusion was evident in 74.5% of small, 72.2% of large, and 60% of giant aneurysms. Recurrent filling was found in 119 (26.3%) of 452 aneurysms. Rebleeding was diagnosed in 9 patients (6 treated aneurysms) and occurred between 2 and 114 months posttreatment. It was due to aneurysm recurrence in 6 patients, rupture of a coincidental untreated aneurysm in 2 patients, and rupture of a de novo aneurysm in 1 patient. Rebleeding occurred in 3 (2.5%) of 119 unstable aneurysms and in 3 (0.9%) of 333 stable aneurysms, as seen on initial follow-up angiography studies. Annual rebleeding rates ranged from 0.2% to 0.6% for all causes and from 0.2% to 0.4% for rebleeding of treated aneurysms. No rebleeding was recorded after the first decade, with 138 patients having more than 10 years of follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: Periodic follow-up with angiographic studies after coil embolization is recommended to identify aneurysm recurrence and patients at a high risk of late rebleeding in the medium term. More frequent follow-up is recommended for patients harboring coincidental unruptured aneurysms.

Original publication

DOI

10.3171/2010.6.JNS091058

Type

Journal article

Journal

J Neurosurg

Publication Date

03/2011

Volume

114

Pages

863 - 874

Keywords

Adult, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Aneurysm, Ruptured, Cerebral Angiography, Cohort Studies, Embolization, Therapeutic, Endovascular Procedures, Female, Follow-Up Studies, Humans, Intracranial Aneurysm, Male, Middle Aged, Patient Selection, Recurrence, Reoperation, Subarachnoid Hemorrhage, Treatment Outcome, Young Adult