Resting and total energy expenditure in patients with ischemic heart disease.
Taggart DP., McMillan DC., Preston T., Richardson R., Shenkin A., Burns HJ., Wheatley DJ.
Total energy expenditure (TEE) was measured by doubly labeled water in 13 preoperative patients undergoing elective coronary artery surgery and compared to resting energy expenditure (REE) measured by indirect calorimetry (IC) calculated from the Harris-Benedict (HB) formula or from formulas based on midarm circumference and arm muscle circumference. Mean REE measured by IC and calculated from the HB, midarm circumference, arm muscle circumference formulas were 62, 75, 62, and 69%, respectively, of TEE measured by doubly labeled water. REE measured by IC correlated significantly with that predicted by the HB (p = 0.006) but not the anthropometric formulas. The relationship between REE derived from anthropometric predictive formulas and REE measured by IC is altered in ischemic heart disease.