Effects of short-term supplementation with coenzyme Q10 on myocardial protection during cardiac operations.
Taggart DP., Jenkins M., Hooper J., Hadjinikolas L., Kemp M., Hue D., Bennett G.
BACKGROUND: Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) is a naturally occurring vitamin-like substance that may have a beneficial role in ischemia-reperfusion injury. Coenzyme Q10 administered either as an additive to cardioplegia or as long-term preoperative oral supplementation has been reported to ameliorate myocardial injury after cardiac operations. METHODS: To determine whether short-term supplementation with large doses of CoQ10 (600 mg in divided doses 12 hours before operation) was effective in myocardial protection, 20 patients with well-preserved left ventricular function (ejection fraction greater than 0.50) undergoing elective coronary revascularization were enrolled in a prospective, double-blind, placebo-controlled randomized trial. Serial concentrations of CoQ10, myoglobin, creatine kinase MD fraction, and cardiac troponin T were measured preoperatively and 1, 6, 24, 72, and 120 hours postoperatively. Efficacy of myocardial protection was also assessed by clinical outcome and serial changes in electrocardiographic indices. RESULTS: The patient groups were similar with respect to preoperative and intraoperative characteristics. There was no significant difference in the preoperative plasma levels of CoQ10. These levels fell significantly in both groups after operation, although the magnitude of the decrease was less in the CoQ10-supplemented group (43% versus 60%). In both groups, there were significant postoperative increases in myoglobin, creatine kinase MB fraction, and cardiac troponin T. The magnitude of increases in cardiac troponin T was greater in the CoQ10-supplemented group, reaching marginal overall statistical significance (p = 0.06). CONCLUSIONS: Short-term supplementation with large doses of CoQ10 does not lead to improved myocardial protection in patients undergoing coronary revascularization with well-preserved ventricular function and relatively short ischemic times.