Effect of surgical injury and intraoperative hypothermia on whole body protein metabolism.
Taggart DP., McMillan DC., Preston T., Shenkin A., Wheatley DJ., Burns HJ.
Whole body protein turnover and urinary nitrogen and 3-methyl-L-histidine (3-MH) excretion were measured before and after cardiac surgery using cardiopulmonary bypass in 20 male patients randomized to an intraoperative blood temperature of 28 or 20 degrees C. Rates of whole body protein synthesis (WBPS) and breakdown (WBPB) were determined from the 15N isotopic enrichment of urinary urea, ammonium, and from a calculated end-product average (EPA) after a primed 24-h infusion of [15N]glycine. In the postoperative period, there was a 40% increase in median nitrogen excretion in the 28 degrees C group (P less than 0.03) and a 22% increase in the 20 degrees C group (P = 0.10). There was a 79% increase in the median postoperative 3-MH excretion in the 28 degrees C group (P = 0.01) and a 66% increase in the median postoperative 3-MH excretion in the 20 degrees C group (P less than 0.01). Postoperatively, there was a 23% fall in the median value of WBPS in the 28 degrees C group (P less than 0.01) and an 11% fall in the 20 degrees C group [not significant (NS)] measured by 15N enrichment of urinary urea. In contrast, when WBPS was measured from isotopic enrichment of urinary ammonium, there was an increase in the median value of the postoperative rates of WBPS in both groups, by 20% in the 28 degrees C group (P = NS) and 29% in the 20 degrees C group (P = 0.03). There was no significant change in the rate of WBPS and WBPB, judged by the postoperative EPA in either group.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)