Liver transplantation in patients with situs inversus.
Watson CJ., Rasmussen A., Jamieson NV., Friend PJ., Johnston PS., Barnes ND., Calne RY.
Seven patients with situs inversus abdominis and one with situs inversus totalis underwent liver transplantation; all are alive at follow-up of between 7 months and 5 years. Two patients required retransplantation within the first 3 weeks (for primary non-function and thrombotic infarction). Seven had additional abnormalities associated with the polysplenia-biliary atresia syndrome. Liver transplantation in these patients involved selection of relatively small donor organs or use of reduced-size grafts. Delayed abdominal wall closure was necessary in two patients and all required a modification of the 'piggy-back' technique of suprahepatic vena caval anastomosis to overcome recipient venous anomalies. Biliary drainage by Roux-en-Y choledochojejunostomy was the preferred technique. Although technically challenging, situs inversus is not a contraindication to liver transplantation and patients should expect full recovery.