Liver transplantation for hepatic arteriovenous malformation in hereditary haemorrhagic telangiectasia.
Bauer T., Britton P., Lomas D., Wight DG., Friend PJ., Alexander GJ.
Symptomatic hepatic involvement is a rare complication of hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia and most commonly consists of fibrosis or cirrhosis. We describe a 33-year-old woman in whom multiple hepatic arteriovenous malformations led to high output cardiac failure and liver failure due to biliary necrosis with refractory biliary sepsis, requiring orthotopic liver transplantation. Hepatic arteriovenous malformations were the first manifestation of the disease and a similar asymptomatic hepatic tumour was subsequently detected in her 60-year-old father who also had the classical cutaneous stigmata of the syndrome. Unrecognised genetic factors may determine the clinical spectrum of hereditary haemorrhagic telangiectasia including the hepatic manifestations.