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BACKGROUND: In order to circumvent the complement-mediated hyperacute rejection of discordant xenografts, a colony of pigs transgenic for the human regulator of complement activity, human decay-accelerating factor (hDAF), has been produced. METHODS: Seven kidneys from hDAF transgenic pigs and six kidneys from nontransgenic control pigs were transplanted into cynomolgus monkeys; both native kidneys were removed during the same operation. The recipient animals were immunosuppressed with cyclosporine, steroids, and cyclophosphamide. RESULTS: In the transgenic group, the median survival time was 13 days (range, 6-35 days); the median survival time in the control group was 6.5 days (range, 0.3-30 days). There were no cases of hyperacute rejection in the transgenic group, and the two longest-surviving kidneys in this group showed no evidence of rejection on histological examination. In contrast, all control kidneys underwent antibody-mediated rejection, one demonstrating hyperacute rejection and the others acute vascular rejection. CONCLUSION: This study demonstrates that (i) a kidney from an hDAF transgenic pig can support the life of a primate for up to 35 days (and also shows the basic physiological compatibility between the pig and nonhuman primate); (ii) nontransgenic kidneys are not routinely hyperacutely rejected; and (iii) the presence of hDAF on the kidney confers some protection against acute vascular rejection. Improved immunosuppression and immunological monitoring may enable extended survival.

Original publication

DOI

10.1097/00007890-199806270-00008

Type

Journal article

Journal

Transplantation

Publication Date

27/06/1998

Volume

65

Pages

1584 - 1590

Keywords

Animals, Animals, Genetically Modified, Antibody Formation, CD55 Antigens, Complement Hemolytic Activity Assay, Erythrocytes, Graft Rejection, Kidney Transplantation, Macaca fascicularis, Swine, Transplantation, Heterologous