Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

PURPOSE: To investigate whether phase-shift perfluoropetane (PFP) nanoemulsions can enhance pulsed high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) ablation. METHODS: PFP was encapsulated by poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) to form a nanometer-sized droplet (PLGA-PFP), which was added to an isolated perfused liver system. Meanwhile, phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) was used as a control. The perfused liver was exposed to HIFU (150 W, t = 3/5/10 s) at various duty cycles (DCs). The ultrasound images, cavitation emissions, and temperature were recorded. Rabbits with subcutaneous VX2 tumors were exposed to HIFU (150 W) at various DCs with or without PLGA-PFP. After ablation, necrosis volume and energy efficiency factor were calculated. Pathologic characteristics were observed. RESULTS: Compared to the PBS control, PLGA-PFP nanoemulsions markedly enhanced HIFU-induced necrosis volume in both perfused livers and subcutaneous VX2 tumor-bearing rabbits (P

Original publication




Journal article


J Ultrasound Med

Publication Date





107 - 121


cancer treatment, cavitation, high-intensity focused ultrasound, perfusion flow rate, poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) nanoemulsions, porcine liver perfusion, thermal ablation, Animals, Fluorocarbons, High-Intensity Focused Ultrasound Ablation, Liver, Neoplasms, Rabbits