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Post-transplant lymphoproliferative disease (PTLD) can arise as a complication after solid organ transplantation. Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection is a known risk factor and is known to drive disease manifestation. PTLD can occur in EBV-negative recipients and with EBV-negative donor organs, however, EBV-negative PTLD pathogenesis is unknown. Here, we present PTLD presenting as intussusception in a patient with a historic simultaneous pancreas-kidney transplant (SPK). This case study presents the first documented case of EBV-negative post-transplant lymphoproliferative disease in an EBV-seropositive SPK recipient from an EBV-positive donor. Here we describe the diagnosis and management of this patient, discuss the differences between EBV positive and negative driven post-transplant lymphoproliferative disease, and highlight areas of research opportunity in the latter.

Original publication

DOI

10.7759/cureus.18134

Type

Journal article

Journal

Cureus

Publication Date

09/2021

Volume

13

Keywords

ebv ptld, immunosuppression, intussusception, pancreas and kidney transplant, small bowel resection