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Delivering a clinically impactful cell number is a major design challenge for cell macroencapsulation devices for Type 1 diabetes. It is important to understand the transplant site anatomy to design a device that is practical and that can achieve a sufficient cell dose. We identify the posterior rectus sheath plane as a potential implant site as it is easily accessible, can facilitate longitudinal monitoring of transplants, and can provide nutritive support for cell survival. We have investigated this space using morphomics across a representative patient cohort (642 participants) and have analysed the data in terms of gender, age and BMI. We used a shape optimization process to maximize the volume and identified that elliptical devices achieve a clinically impactful cell dose while meeting device manufacture and delivery requirements. This morphomics framework has the potential to significantly influence the design of future macroencapsulation devices to better suit the needs of patients.

Original publication




Journal article


J R Soc Interface

Publication Date





beta-cell transplantation, implant site, islet transplantation, macroencapsulation device, morphomics