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BACKGROUND: Oral mucositis (OM) is known to be the most common and challenging side effect of conditioning chemotherapy in haematopoietic cell transplant (HCT). This side effect causes significant morbidity and may delay the treatment plan, as well as increase therapeutic expenses. There are few clinical trials in the literature that indicate any kind of treatment or prevention methods are effective. Therefore, the aim of this study is to perform a systematic review of literature and examine the effectiveness of oral cryotherapy (OC) in management of chemotherapy-induced OM in patients with haematological malignancies undergoing a HCT. METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted, using the electronic databases PubMed, Embase, MEDLINE and Scopus. A total of 322 papers were identified and 9 papers were analysed based on defined inclusion and exclusion criteria. The quality of the chosen primary studies was appraised using the COCHRANE risk of bias assessment tool. RESULTS: Nine randomized controlled trials, analysing 658 participants; control group (n = 289, age mean ± SD; 41.15 ± 21) and treatment group (n = 369, age mean ± SD; 39.15 ± 20), were included in this systematic review. Seven studies had significantly addressed the effectiveness of OC (p value 

Original publication




Journal article


BMC Cancer

Publication Date





Chemotherapy, Haematological malignancies, Haematopoietic cell transplantation, Oral cryotherapy, Oral mucositis, Adult, Antineoplastic Agents, Cryotherapy, Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation, Humans, Melphalan, Stomatitis