Liposarcoma of the cord treated with surgery alone: Our experience of five patients
Chan DKH., Durai P., Parameswaran R.
Background: Liposarcoma of the spermatic cord is a rare condition presenting as an inguinal or scrotal mass. We describe our experience in the management of five patients diagnosed with this disease. Methods: We conducted a retrospective analysis of patients who underwent treatment for the condition between 2011 and 2014. Demographic data collected included the patient’s age, presentation, site of tumour, tumour size and grade and World Health Organisation (WHO) histotypes. Adequacy of tumour resection and the use of adjuvant chemotherapy or radiotherapy were also recorded. The study end points included duration of disease-free survival (DFS) as well as overall survival (OS). Results: During the study period we identified five patients with a diagnosis of liposarcoma of the cord with a median age of 67 (range 33–72) years. Three patients presented with primary disease and two were diagnosed post-resection and required re-excision to obtain R0 resection margins. Three patients had well-differentiated and two patients had dedifferentiated liposarcoma. None of the patients required adjuvant chemotherapy or radiotherapy following achievement of R0 resection margins and developed loco-regional recurrence or distant metastases. Median DFS was 30 (range 10–45) months. Conclusion: Liposarcomas of the cord are rare soft-tissue sarcomas with a high incidence of recurrence. Treatment of choice is radical orchidectomy, wide excision of the tumour and high ligation of the spermatic cord. Long-term follow-up is necessary.