Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

Mesenchymal stromal/stem cells (MSCs) possess immunomodulatory and reparative properties. Through specific interactions with immune cells that participate in both innate and adaptive responses, MSCs exposed to an inflammatory microenvironment can downregulate many immune effector functions. Clinical trials focusing on MSCs to treat graft-versus-host disease (GvHD) and autoimmune diseases are underway. Current analyses suggest that MSCs will improve cell and solid organ transplantation by ameliorating rejection and possibly eliminating the requirement for prolonged regimens of conventional immunosuppressive drugs. This review examines the in vitro and in vivo evidence for the clinical use of bone marrow derived MSCs.

Original publication




Journal article


Cell Stem Cell

Publication Date





431 - 442


Bone Marrow Cells, Humans, Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation, Mesenchymal Stromal Cells, Stromal Cells