Growth of porcine kidneys in their native and xenograft environment.
Soin B., Ostlie D., Cozzi E., Smith KG., Bradley JR., Vial C., Masroor S., Lancaster R., White DJ., Friend PJ.
The increased survival of hDAF pig-to-primate renal xenografts for up to two months has afforded the opportunity to study physiological aspects such as organ growth. Experimental evidence exists of species restriction of the activity of growth hormone, although growth itself is also controlled by a number of other endocrine, paracrine and autocrine substances. This study consisted of four parts: (1) measurement of pig kidney size according to pig body weight; (2) measurement of pig kidney size according to pig age; (3) serial length measurement of pig-to-primate renal xenografts; (4) correlation of terminal weight of renal xenograft with age and histology. The xenografted pig kidneys in a primate recipient grow as they would in the pig for the first two weeks after transplantation. After this time there is a reduction in the rate of increase in the length of the xenograft. Over the same period, changes in weight are greatly increased by the presence of rejection. This observational study supports the notion that regulation of growth of a xenotransplanted porcine kidney occurs.