Lecithinized superoxide dismutase reduces cold ischemia-induced chronic allograft dysfunction.
Nakagawa K., Koo DDH., Davies DR., Gray DWR., McLaren AJ., Welsh KI., Morris PJ., Fuggle SV.
BACKGROUND: Chronic renal allograft failure (CAF) is influenced by both allo-dependent and independent factors and is a major cause of graft loss in clinical renal transplantation. We evaluated a novel membrane-bound free radical scavenger, lecithinized superoxide dismutase (lec-SOD), to determine its potential in limiting the harmful effects of ischemia/reperfusion injury on CAF. METHODS: Fisher rat kidneys were stored for either 1 hour or 18 hours in cold Marshall's preservation solution either with or without lec-SOD and transplanted into Lewis recipients. RESULTS: Within 3 days of transplantation, an early inflammatory response involving granulocytes and macrophages was detected in renal allografts exposed to 18 hours cold ischemia that was significantly reduced by preservation with lec-SOD. By 24 weeks post-transplantation, elevated proteinuria and detection of apoptotic cells was observed in kidneys exposed to 18 hours of cold ischemia, that was attenuated by preservation with lec-SOD (P < 0.05). However, up-regulated expression of intracellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and major histocompatibility complex (MHC) Class II together with a T lymphocyte infiltration were observed at 24 weeks that was not prevented by preservation with lec-SOD. CONCLUSIONS: These results demonstrate that ischemia/reperfusion injury, apoptotic cell death and allo-immune responses may be exacerbated by cold ischemia and accelerate the development of CAF. Preservation with lec-SOD may protect against the early damage induced by cold ischemia and reperfusion injury.