Physiological aspects of pig-to-primate renal xenotransplantation.
Soin B., Smith KG., Zaidi A., Cozzi E., Bradley JR., Ostlie DJ., Lockhart A., White DJ., Friend PJ.
BACKGROUND: Few data exist on the physiological aspects of pig-to-primate renal xenotransplantation. METHODS: Use of organs transgenic for human decay accelerating factor has allowed assessment of the metabolic and hormonal functions of these xenografts. RESULTS: Porcine renal xenografts largely maintain plasma electrolyte homeostasis. An increase in proteinuria was detected that may result from graft injury. In contrast to allotransplantation a severe anaemia developed requiring recipient treatment with exogenous human erythropoietin. CONCLUSIONS: Our experience provides qualified encouragement for the likely physiological compatibility of pig and primate species, but identifies areas where a xenograft may not match the performance of an allograft.