Camptocormia treated with bilateral pallidal stimulation: case report.
Nandi D., Parkin S., Scott R., Winter JL., Joint C., Gregory R., Stein J., Aziz TZ.
The authors report the neurological, neurophysiological, and neuropsychological effects of using chronic bilateral pallidal high-frequency deep brain stimulation (DBS) in a case of disabling camptocormia. Deep brain stimulation electrodes were implanted stereotactically to target the globus pallidus internus (GPi) bilaterally. Local field potentials (FPs) were recorded using the DBS electrodes and concurrent abdominal flexor electromyography (EMG) potentials during camptocormic episodes. Videotaped assessments of the movement disorder and neuropsychological evaluation before implantation and at 6 months after initiation of pallidal stimulation were recorded. There was significant functional improvement following chronic pallidal stimulation, and some improvement was noted in neuropsychological scores. The GPi FPs showed temporal correlation with EMG-recorded rectus abdominis potentials. There were no treatment-related adverse effects. The authors have found that chronic pallidal stimulation was safe and offered functional benefit in this severely disabling condition. The physiological studies may help further the understanding of the pathophysiology of this rare entity.