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Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is one of the foundations of treatment for coronary artery disease. While it has improved substantially since its inception more than 50 years ago, including a rising use of multiple arterial grafting, intraoperative quality assessment is yet to be disseminated as an integral part of the procedure. Herein we review the fundamentals of intraoperative quality assessment in CABG using transient time flow measurement (TTFM) with a focus on its use in arterial grafting.

Original publication




Journal article


J Cardiothorac Surg

Publication Date





Humans, Coronary Angiography, Coronary Artery Bypass, Coronary Artery Disease, Mammary Arteries, Vascular Patency, Blood Flow Velocity