Adjustment of the ratio between collagenase class II and I improves islet isolation outcome.
Brandhorst D., Huettler S., Alt A., Raemsch-Guenther N., Kurfuerst M., Bretzel RG., Brandhorst H.
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have clarified the distinct roles of collagenase class I (ccI) and class II (ccII) in enzymatic release of islets from pancreatic tissue. The present study sought to enhance the limited knowledge about the optimal ratio between collagenase classes. METHODS: Rat islets were isolated utilizing 0.4 DMC-U of neutral protease and 20 PZ-U of fractionated NB-1 collagenase recombined to obtain a ccII/I ratio of 0.5, 1.0, and 1.5. Quality control included assessment of yield (islet equivalents), trypan-blue exclusion, insulin release during static glucose incubation, and transplant function in diabetic nude mice. Data are expressed as mean values +/- SEM. RESULTS: Digestion time was only minimally influenced by different ccII/I ratios. The highest islet yield (P < .05) was obtained using a ccII/I ratio of 1.0. Purity and glucose stimulation index were only marginally affected by different ccII/I ratios. A significant loss of islet viability after 24-hour culture (P < .05) was observed only in islets isolated by means of a ccII/I ratio of 0.5 and 1.5 but not 1.0. Transplantation into diabetic nude mice revealed sustained islet graft function in all experimental groups. CONCLUSIONS: The present study indicates that the ratio between ccII and ccI is of significant relevance for optimizing islet yield and viability.