Granulocyte-colony stimulating factor induced intranuclear endonuclease in murine leukemia cell line.
Handa A., Kashimura T., Yamamoto A., Murohashi I., Bessho M., Hirashima K.
We have reported that murine leukemia cell line (C2M-A5) induced apoptosis by G-CSF. To clarify the mechanism, mRNA expression of apoptosis-related genes was studied. It revealed transient over-expression of c-myc, H-ras and p53 and down-expression of bcl-2. These changes were known as triggers of endonuclease induction. After 96 h culture with G-CSF, apoptosis was occurred simultaneously with endonuclease (37 kd) activation. This endonuclease induced the digestion of double-strand DNA and might be associated with caspase3. Although G-CSF accelerates cell growth and prevents apoptosis in general, it is a contradictory effect. We concluded that G-CSF induced endogenous endonuclease activity in C2M-A5.