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Advances in surgical and anesthetic techniques over the last two decades have led to a reduction in the overall mortality following cardiac surgery despite the fact that older patients with more comorbidities constitute an increasing proportion of the surgical population. This reduction in mortality has not been paralleled by a reduction in neurocognitive dysfunction as older patients are potentially more susceptible to all forms of cerebral injury. 1 © 2011 Springer-Verlag London Limited.

Original publication





Book title

Brain Protection in Cardiac Surgery

Publication Date



57 - 64