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Neuromodulation is one option for the management of a wide variety of lower urinary tract disorders, including non-neuropathic and neuropathic bladder dysfunctions. The mechanisms of action of the reported techniques remain unclear; urodynamic changes are minimal, but symptomatic improvements are common. Although the treatment is relatively free from side-effects compared with more aggressive surgical options, the placebo effect is likely to be significant. Its exact cost effectiveness is unclear, but the technology is a welcome addition to the range of treatment options for lower urinary tract dysfunctions, such as urgency and urge incontinence.

Type

Journal article

Journal

Curr Opin Obstet Gynecol

Publication Date

10/1998

Volume

10

Pages

395 - 399

Keywords

Electric Stimulation Therapy, Female, Humans, Urinary Bladder Diseases, Urinary Bladder, Neurogenic