Levels of matrix metalloproteases in bladder cancer correlate with tumor grade and invasion.
Davies B., Waxman J., Wasan H., Abel P., Williams G., Krausz T., Neal D., Thomas D., Hanby A., Balkwill F.
We have used quantitative zymography to measure levels of the type IV collagenases matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9 and MMP-2 in 42 biopsies of transitional cell carcinoma and in 7 biopsies of normal bladder. Mean levels of MMP-9 were significantly higher in tumor compared with normal samples (P = 0.08). Levels of MMP-9 and active MMP-2 increased with tumor grade (test for trend, P = 0.002 and P = 0.05, respectively). Levels of MMP-9 and activated MMP-2 were also higher in invasive tumors than in superficial ones (P = 0.001 and P = 0.008, respectively). In situ hybridization studies showed that the mRNAs for both MMP-2 and MMP-9 were located chiefly in the stroma rather than epithelial tumor cells and were concentrated at the interface between the two tissues.