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The aim of this study was to determine the effect of the lipid modifying agent gemfibrozil on lipid and coagulation risk factors in patients with Type 2 diabetes mellitus (Type 2 DM). Twenty-six subjects with Type 2 DM and dyslipidaemia were treated for 24 weeks with either gemfibrozil 600 mg orally twice daily or placebo in a double-blind randomized trial. Lipid profiles, fibrinogen, Factor VII, and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) were measured by routine laboratory methods. Low density lipoprotein (LDL) size was determined by gradient gel electrophoresis and the resistance of LDL to copper-induced oxidation was assessed by measuring absorbance at 234 nm. Gemfibrozil significantly reduced total cholesterol (-0.9 (-0.48, -1.32) mmol l(-1); p < 0.05) and triglycerides (-2.7 (-1.55, -1.35) mmol l(-1); p < 0.001) vs placebo. The fall in triglyceride was reflected by a fall in VLDL cholesterol levels in the gemfibrozil treated group vs placebo (-1.31 mmol l(-1); p < 0.001). LDL-cholesterol level did not change but LDL particle size increased by 0.5 nm (0.01, 0.93); P < 0.02. The increase in particle size was inversely correlated with the change of triglyceride level (r = -0.79, p < 0.0001) but did not result in any reduction of susceptibility to copper-induced oxidation. There were no significant changes in the coagulation parameters studied. Because of its ability to correct the lipid abnormalities associated with Type 2 DM particularly hypertriglyceridaemia, gemfibrozil provides a useful therapeutic option in the management of diabetic dyslipidaemia but it does not alter in vitro oxidizability of LDL.

Original publication

DOI

10.1002/(SICI)1096-9136(199810)15:10<870::AID-DIA680>3.0.CO;2-8

Type

Journal article

Journal

Diabet Med

Publication Date

10/1998

Volume

15

Pages

870 - 877

Keywords

Blood Coagulation, Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2, Double-Blind Method, Female, Follow-Up Studies, Gemfibrozil, Humans, Hyperlipidemias, Hypolipidemic Agents, Lipoproteins, LDL, Male, Middle Aged, Molecular Structure, Oxidation-Reduction