Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

OBJECTIVE: Current randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing percutaneous coronary intervention with drug eluting stent (DES-PCI) with coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in multivessel disease are underpowered to detect a difference in hard clinical end-points such as mortality, myocardial infarction and stroke. We aimed to overcome this limitation by conducting a meta-analysis of contemporary RCTs. METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted for all RCTs comparing DES-PCI versus CABG in multivessel disease published through May 2015. Inverse variance weighting was used to pool data from individual studies (<1 favouring DES-PCI and >1 CABG favouring surgery). RESULTS: A total of five randomized trials including 4563 subjects were analysed. After an average follow-up of 3.4 years, DES-PCI was associated with a significantly increased risk of overall mortality (HR 1.51; 95%CI 1.23-1.84; P<0.001), MI (HR 2.02; 95%CI 1.57-2.58; P<0.001) and repeat revascularization (HR 2.54; 95%CI 2.07-3.11; P=<0.001). CABG marginally increased the risk of stroke (HR 0.70; 95%CI 0.50-0.98; P=0.04). The absolute risk reduction for all-cause mortality (3.3%) and myocardial infarction (4.3%) with CABG was larger than the absolute risk reduction for stroke (0.9%) with DES-PCI. CONCLUSION: In patients with multivessel coronary disease, CABG was found to be superior to DES-PCI by reducing the risk of mortality and subsequent myocardial infarction at the expense of a marginally increased risk of stroke.

Original publication




Journal article


Int J Cardiol

Publication Date





19 - 24


CABG, Meta-analysis, PCI, Cardiac Surgical Procedures, Coronary Artery Bypass, Coronary Artery Disease, Drug-Eluting Stents, Humans, Percutaneous Coronary Intervention, Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic, Risk Factors, Treatment Outcome