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It is now half a century since the start of coronary bypass graft surgery (CABG) with the first percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) following just over a decade later. The relative merits of PCI vs. CABG for stable coronary artery disease (stable-CAD) have continued to be debated ever since and have been the focus of around 20 randomized trials and numerous registry studies, systematic reviews, and meta-analyses. The aim of this review is to identify areas of agreement, disagreement, and uncertainties in the role of PCI and CABG in patients with stable-CAD.

Original publication




Journal article


Eur Heart J

Publication Date





1873 - 1882


CABG, Mammary artery, PCI, Stent, Surgery, Coronary Artery Bypass, Coronary Artery Disease, Humans, Thoracic Surgical Procedures, Treatment Outcome