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© 2017 IEEE. An ontology is a taxonomic hierarchy of lexical terms and their syntactic and semantic relations for representing a framework of structured knowledge. Ontology used to be problem-specific and manually built due to its extreme complexity. Based on the latest advances in cognitive knowledge learning and formal semantic analyses, an Algorithm of Formal Ontology Generation (AFOG) is developed. The methodology of AFOG enables autonomous generation of quantitative ontologies in knowledge engineering and semantic comprehension via deep machine learning. A set of experiments demonstrates applications of AFOG in cognitive computing, semantic computing, machine learning and computational intelligence.

Original publication




Conference paper

Publication Date



6 - 15