Influence of coronary territory on flow profiles of saphenous vein grafts.
Amin S., Werner RS., Madsen PL., Krasopoulos G., Taggart DP.
BACKGROUND: Differing perfusion of the left and right ventricular coronary territory may influence flow-profiles of saphenous vein grafts (SVGs). We compared flow parameters, measured by transit-time flowmetry (TTFM), in left- and right-sided SVGs during coronary artery by-pass grafting (CABG). METHODS: Routine TTFM measurements were obtained in 167 SVGs to the left territory (55%) and 134 SVGs to the right territory (total of 301 SVGs in 207 patients). The four standard TTFM parameters, [mean graft flow (MGF), pulsatility index (PI), percentage diastolic filling (%DF), and percentage backward flow (%BF)] were compared. Differences in flow parameters were also examined according to surgical technique (on- vs. off-pump). RESULTS: No significant difference between coronary territories was found for MGF, PI and %BF. However, a higher %DF was noted in left-sided SVGs in the overall cohort as well as in the on-pump (both p < 0.001) and the off-pump cohorts (p = 0.07). Further, a significantly higher %BF was found in SVGs performed off-pump to the left territory (1.2 ± 2.5 vs. 2.3 ± 3.0, p = 0.023). In a multivariate regression analysis, anastomosing a SVG to the left territory was weakly associated with higher PI (OR = 0.36, p = 0.026) and strongly associated with higher %DF (OR = 5.1, p < 0.001). No significant association was found for MGF, PI, %DF or %BF in either the on-pump nor the off-pump cohorts. CONCLUSIONS: Although statistically significant, the established differences in TTFM parameters between left- and right-sided vein grafts were small and unlikely to be of clinical relevance.