Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

AIM: The benefit of anti-reflux surgery for gastro-oesophageal reflux (GOR) in early infancy is uncertain. The aim of this study was to assess the value of Nissen fundoplication in a group of infants with severe GOR. METHODS: 10 infants underwent Nissen fundoplication for gastro-oesophageal reflux following a failure of medical management. All had suffered life-threatening respiratory episodes as a consequence of gastro-oesophageal reflux, and were neonatal intensive care-dependent. Median (range) birth weight was 1.26 kg (0.48-3.8 kg), gestation 30 weeks (25-38 weeks); at surgery, weight was 3.25 kg (2.5-6.1 kg) at a corrected age of 11.5 weeks (term-22) weeks. For each infant, the success of enteral feeding and the level of support required pre- and post-operatively was compared, and where appropriate, the facilitation of palliative feeding was assessed. Median follow-up was 14 (3-36) months. RESULTS: No infant suffered intra-operative morbidity or mortality. One infant died within 1 month of surgery from a collapse unrelated to surgery. Eight of nine surviving infants were discharged from intensive care following extubation and the establishment of enteral feeding. One patient died of severe bronchopulmonary dysplasia 3 months post-surgery. One infant developed a gastrostomy site infection, and two required gastrostomy tube replacement within 6 months of surgery. All were thriving at follow-up. Two infants with a congenital myopathy died as a result of their muscle disease at 9 and 11 months post-operatively. CONCLUSIONS: Nissen fundoplication is a feasible, effective and safe operation in severe gastro-oesophageal reflux unresponsive to medical treatment in term and pre-term infants. It has an additional important role in facilitating safe palliative enteral feeding in infants with a diagnosis incompatible with survival into adulthood.

Type

Journal article

Journal

Early Hum Dev

Publication Date

12/2003

Volume

75

Pages

71 - 78

Keywords

Female, Gastric Fundus, Gastroesophageal Reflux, Humans, Infant, Newborn, Infant, Premature, Intensive Care, Neonatal, Male, Retrospective Studies, Surgical Procedures, Operative