Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

AIMS: To assess changes in volume and complexity of cellular pathology workload after clinical service reorganisation and alterations in pathology reporting practices, and to identify objective measures of change applicable to all cellular pathology departments. The ear, nose, and throat (ENT), head and neck (HN) specialty was chosen for assessment. METHODS: Cellular pathology workload from the ENT-HN surgical specialty was assessed numerically and the complexity in examination of cancer resection specimens was evaluated. Medical and technical time inputs in the reporting of ENT-HN cancer resections were measured prospectively, and the histological and cytological workload arising from the management of such cases was obtained. RESULTS: The 88.83% increase in ENT-HN specimens contrasted with a 13.53% increase in total surgical workload. Substantial increases in work complexity were found when measured as blocks/slides for each case and number of histochemical/immunohistochemical requests. On average, examination of one ENT-HN cancer case consumed 55% of one pathologist's work session and over one 10th of a technician's working week. On average, each cancer generated 3.3 histological and 1.06 cytological specimens. CONCLUSIONS: Evidence is provided of the increase in cellular pathology workload and in its complexity. This study lists objective measures of complexity applicable to all pathology subspecialties. Given the workforce crisis and expanding clinical needs, realistic workload calculations should include measurement of complexity and not just volumes.

Original publication




Journal article


J Clin Pathol

Publication Date





22 - 26


England, Head and Neck Neoplasms, Humans, Otolaryngology, Pathology Department, Hospital, Pathology, Surgical, Prospective Studies, Retrospective Studies, Workload