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PURPOSE: We have evaluated deficiencies in existing diagnostic criteria for neurofibromatosis 2 (NF2). METHODS: Two large databases of individuals fulfilling NF2 criteria (n = 1361) and those tested for NF2 variants with criteria short of diagnosis (n = 1416) were interrogated. We assessed the proportions meeting each diagnostic criterion with constitutional or mosaic NF2 variants and the positive predictive value (PPV) with regard to definite diagnosis. RESULTS: There was no evidence for usefulness of old criteria "glioma" or "neurofibroma." "Ependymoma" had 100% PPV and high levels of confirmed NF2 diagnosis (67.7%). Those with bilateral vestibular schwannoma (VS) alone aged ≥60 years had the lowest confirmation rate (6.6%) and reduced PPV (80%). Siblings as a first-degree relative, without an affected parent, had 0% PPV. All three individuals with unilateral VS and an affected sibling were proven not to have NF2. The biggest overlap was with LZTR1-associated schwannomatosis. In this category, seven individuals with unilateral VS plus ≥2 nondermal schwannomas reduced PPV to 67%. CONCLUSIONS: The present study confirms important deficiencies in NF2 diagnostic criteria. The term "glioma" should be dropped and replaced by "ependymoma." Similarly "neurofibroma" should be removed. Dropping "sibling" from first-degree relatives should be considered and testing of LZTR1 should be recommended for unilateral VS.

Original publication

DOI

10.1038/s41436-018-0384-y

Type

Journal article

Journal

Genet Med

Publication Date

07/2019

Volume

21

Pages

1525 - 1533

Keywords

LZTR1, NF2, diagnostic criteria, neurofibromatosis type 2, schwannoma, Adolescent, Adult, Child, Databases, Factual, Diagnosis, Differential, Female, Humans, Male, Molecular Diagnostic Techniques, Neurofibromatosis 2, Terminology as Topic, Young Adult