Low-fidelity Paediatric Surgical Simulation: Description of Models in Low-Resource Settings.
McClelland TJ., Ford K., Dagash H., Lander A., Lakhoo K.
BACKGROUND: Surgical simulation is an important aspect of competency-based training. Recent trends in paediatric surgical simulations have migrated towards high-fidelity simulation with advanced technology resulting in models which are expensive and largely inaccessible in low- and middle-income countries. METHODS: This article describes four wet simulation models of common surgical procedures in paediatric population created with animal tissue from local abattoir. The models are designed to provide a framework for others to make the models and benefit from the training opportunity they provide especially in low-middle-income countries. RESULTS: The models created in the wet laboratory are neonatal bowel anastomosis, duodenoduodenostomy for discrepancy anastomosis, gastrostomy and pyeloplasty. These models are easily reproducible in resource-challenged healthcare setting as they are low cost, utilise locally available resources and require only a basic set of surgical instruments with which to perform the procedures. CONCLUSION: These models provide locally accessible material for sustainable training programmes which are fundamental in developing safe and affordable surgical care worldwide.