Primary adrenal diffuse large B-cell lymphoma: A mini review
Parameswaran R., Chan DKH., Michelle PLM., Wang S.
Background: Primary adrenal diffuse large B-cell lymphoma are aggressive high grade lymphomas affecting elderly gentlemen and mostly present with bilateral enlarged adrenal masses associated with B symptoms, adrenal insufficiency and elevated lactate dehydrogenase. When imaged with CT or ultrasound, these lesions usually appear as heterogeneous complex large masses with low density. They appear metabolically active on PET scan. Confirmatory diagnosis is established by image guided biopsy or surgical excision. Treatment is usually with rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine and prednisone (R-CHOP) or CHOP like regimes. Surgery has very limited role, if any in the management of this condition. The prognosis is generally poor with only about a third of patients achieving partial or complete remission following treatment. A concise review of the literature (PubMed database; 1990–2014) on the clinical management of primary adrenal lymphoma along with a case example is discussed.